Hip replacement surgery is an operation performed to stop the joint damage, increase the mobility and relieve the patient’s pain in patients with severe damage to the hip joint. Hip joints may be damaged by congenital hip dislocation, hip joint injury due to trauma or advanced osteoporosis. In hip replacement surgery, the damaged joint is replaced by an artificial joint made of cobalt chromium or titanium.
Hip replacement surgery is usually performed in patients older than 65 years. For younger patients, non-surgical (drug use, physical therapy, etc.) treatment is recommended instead of hip replacement surgery. However, if the patient’s walking distance is less than 300 meters and the patient is experiencing severe pain, hip replacement surgery can be performed before the age of 65. Hip replacement surgery can be performed with total hip replacement or partial hip replacement. The orthopedist decides which type of prosthesis is suitable for the patient. In some patients, only the hip joint needs to be replaced, while in some patients both the hip bone and the hip bone socket need to be changed.
Necessary tests and analyzes are performed to the patient during the preparation stage of hip replacement surgery. In case of infection in the patient’s body, the presence of infection is provided by the use of medication. However, if the patient regularly uses drugs, the use of these drugs can be controlled or discontinued in a controlled manner. Patients are discharged within an average of one week after hip replacement surgery.
After hip replacement surgery, it takes an average of 4-8 weeks for the patients to return to their daily lives. In this process, it is important that patients regularly use the medications prescribed by the doctor and do not interfere with routine controls. However, the application of physical therapy movements is important for the healing process of the patients. It is also important that patients pay attention to their feeding patterns after hip replacement surgery.
Hip replacement surgery takes approximately 2-4 hours. The duration of surgery may vary depending on the type of hip replacement and the experience of the physician.
There is a risk of deep vein thrombosis and infection after hip replacement surgery. In order to minimize these risks, it is important for the patient to pay attention to the use of medication and to walk periodically after surgery. The patient should not make any inconvenient movements and should pay attention to his / her movements in walking, climbing stairs and physical therapy applications in case of loosening or dislocation of the prosthesis which is one of the main complications encountered during prosthesis operations.